Thomas Fawkes


This paper will begin by discussing the current VAT system in the E.U. It will also describe in detail the provisions of the proposed VAT amendments as they affect electronic commerce transactions with respect to both B2B and B2C transactions. Next, the practical effects of the VAT amendments in terms of increased VAT revenue for the E.U. and its mem-ber states will be discussed. Following will be a discussion on the past and present failures of the E.U. and its Member States in encouraging and en-forcing compliance under the current VAT Directive, and the implication of such failures on the proposed VAT amendments. This paper will conclude by discussing the inconsistencies between the proposed VAT amendments and the positions of international authorities, particularly the United States and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ("OECD").