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Jurisprudence, rules of law, Elmer's rule, Riggs v. Palmer, positivism, judicial decisions, predictive theory of law

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Jurisprudence | Law | Legal History


Cardozo wrote of Riggs v. Palmer that this case that two analytical paths pointed in different directions and the judges selected the path that seemed better to lead to "justice". Dworkin has claimed that the case demonstrates the triumph of certain "principles" over what are called "rules of law". Taylor has argued that there was no "law" at all about murderers inheriting from testators before the actual decision in Riggs, and that consequently the decision itself was the only "law" that affected Elmer. All of these suggest that the decision in Riggs was largely unpredictable and therefore must have come as something of a surprise. But the notions of surprise and unpredictability raise a far more basic issue: what business does a court have in surprising anyone? Shouldn't a court fulfill people's expectations of the law? Shouldn't a court behave as predictably as it possibly can?