There is an almost universally held perceptoin that expanded export trade is essential to a robust United States economy. President Carter, for example, stated in a report to Congress that export expansion is critical to the health of our economy. Huge balance of payments deficits in recent years, the increasingly successfuly and visible penetration of United States markets by foreign producers, and substantial unemployment in basic industry have all fuedl this concern. These conditions have led naturally to a two-pronged response by the public and members of Congress: first, the call for greater protection against foreign competition; and second, a substantial effort to establish policies that will promote United States export activities.
George E. Garvey,
Exports, Banking and Antitrust: The Export Trading Company Act - A Modest Tool for Export Promotion,
Nw. J. Int'l L. & Bus.