A new wave of protectionism is upon us and its undertow, if not the wave itself, constitutes a serious threat to the Western alliance. This "neo-protectionism" differs from familiar past practices relying heavily on higher tariffs; it is more often charactierized by the use of more subtle ploys such as dumping, subsidization, and the erection of difficult marketing requirements for foreign traders.
United States International Competitiveness and Trade Policies for the 1980s,
Nw. J. Int'l L. & Bus.